What are the medical benefits of cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids — the active chemicals in medical marijuana — are similar to chemicals the body makes that are involved in appetite, memory, movement, and pain.
Research suggests cannabinoids might: (click the below link for more information)
- Reduce anxiety
- Reduce inflammation and relieve pain
- Control nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy
- Kill cancer cells and slow tumor growth
- Relax tight muscles in people with multiple sclerosis
- Stimulate appetite and improve weight gain in people with cancer and AIDS
Cannabis and Cannabinoids for Chronic Pain
- PMID: 28983880
- DOI: 10.1007/s11926-017-0693-1
Purpose of review: The purpose of this study was to provide the most up-to-date scientific evidence of the potential analgesic effects, or lack thereof, of the marijuana plant (cannabis) or cannabinoids, and of safety or tolerability of their long-term use.
Recent findings: We found that inhaled (smoked or vaporized) cannabis is consistently effective in reducing chronic non-cancer pain. Oral cannabinoids seem to improve some aspects of chronic pain (sleep and general quality of life), or cancer chronic pain, but they do not seem effective in acute postoperative pain, abdominal chronic pain, or rheumatoid pain. The available literature shows that inhaled cannabis seems to be more tolerable and predictable than oral cannabinoids. Cannabis or cannabinoids are not universally effective for pain. Continued research on cannabis constituents and improving bioavailability for oral cannabinoids is needed. Other aspects of pain management in patients using cannabis require further open discussion: concomitant opioid use, medical vs. recreational cannabis, abuse potential, etc.
Keywords: Marijuana; Medical cannabis; Medical marijuana; Medicinal cannabis; Medicinal marijuana; Recreational cannabis; Recreational marijuana.